Narine Atoyan, 41, rests during her work in the apartment where she lives and is employed in Istanbul.

Narine Atoyan, 41, rests during her work in the apartment where she lives and is employed in Istanbul.

 The apartments or houses where labor migrants usually work belong to families that are rich or well off, and who can afford to host and pay for housekeepers. This is the apartment where Narine works.

The apartments or houses where labor migrants usually work belong to families that are rich or well off, and who can afford to host and pay for housekeepers. This is the apartment where Narine works.

 Housekeepers often turn on TV while they are working and watch popular Turkish telenovelas.

Housekeepers often turn on TV while they are working and watch popular Turkish telenovelas.

 Gayane Petrosyan, 40, works in several households. She does not live in any of the houses, but travels to work and travels back to her small apartment in Kumkapi district each day.

Gayane Petrosyan, 40, works in several households. She does not live in any of the houses, but travels to work and travels back to her small apartment in Kumkapi district each day.

 Sometimes Gayane has to travel up to two hours to reach an apartment she has to clean.

Sometimes Gayane has to travel up to two hours to reach an apartment she has to clean.

 Narine visits a market in Istanbul to try on a winter fur coat.

Narine visits a market in Istanbul to try on a winter fur coat.

 Narine has a day off once a week. She visits and stays overnight at her friend Gayane’s small apartment in Kumkapi district.

Narine has a day off once a week. She visits and stays overnight at her friend Gayane’s small apartment in Kumkapi district.

 Gayane Petrosyan, 40, walks the dog of the family where she works as a housekeeper three days a week.

Gayane Petrosyan, 40, walks the dog of the family where she works as a housekeeper three days a week.

 Gayane sits in a company of friends in a restaurant in Kumkapi district, which is famous for its seafood.

Gayane sits in a company of friends in a restaurant in Kumkapi district, which is famous for its seafood.

 Kumkapi district in central Istanbul has been populated by Armenians for many years. It is also one of the poorest districts in the city.

Kumkapi district in central Istanbul has been populated by Armenians for many years. It is also one of the poorest districts in the city.

 Gayane washes dishes at a house where she works as a housekeeper.

Gayane washes dishes at a house where she works as a housekeeper.

 One of the houses where Gayane works belongs to a popular Turkish singer.

One of the houses where Gayane works belongs to a popular Turkish singer.

 Gayane’s daughter Julietta gets married. Gayane says that one of the reasons she works in Istanbul is to be able to earn money and help her daughters collect their dowry, help them have a good future. (click image to view vertical)

Gayane’s daughter Julietta gets married. Gayane says that one of the reasons she works in Istanbul is to be able to earn money and help her daughters collect their dowry, help them have a good future. (click image to view vertical)

 Gayane poses for a portrait in a house where she works in Istanbul. (click image to view vertical)

Gayane poses for a portrait in a house where she works in Istanbul. (click image to view vertical)

 Gayane’s daughter Anna joined her mother in Istanbul, to work in a clothing store. Gayane’s younger daughter Julietta is getting married in hometown Gyumri in Armenia, and Anna tries on a dress for the wedding party. Anna and Gayane will travel to Armenia for the wedding.

Gayane’s daughter Anna joined her mother in Istanbul, to work in a clothing store. Gayane’s younger daughter Julietta is getting married in hometown Gyumri in Armenia, and Anna tries on a dress for the wedding party. Anna and Gayane will travel to Armenia for the wedding.

 Gayane’s daughter Anna wakes up early, leaves at 7:00 AM each morning for her job at a clothing store, and works until 7:00 PM.

Gayane’s daughter Anna wakes up early, leaves at 7:00 AM each morning for her job at a clothing store, and works until 7:00 PM.

 Over the years Gayane has been sending dowry items to her daughters, so that they have all necessary household needs taken care of when they get married.

Over the years Gayane has been sending dowry items to her daughters, so that they have all necessary household needs taken care of when they get married.

 Gayane’s daughter Julietta talks to her mother on Skype from Gyumri, Armenia.

Gayane’s daughter Julietta talks to her mother on Skype from Gyumri, Armenia.

 Julietta gets married in Gyumri. Her mother and sister travel from Istanbul to Gyumri for the wedding.

Julietta gets married in Gyumri. Her mother and sister travel from Istanbul to Gyumri for the wedding.

 Julietta gets married in Gyumri. Her mother and sister travel from Istanbul to Gyumri for the wedding.

Julietta gets married in Gyumri. Her mother and sister travel from Istanbul to Gyumri for the wedding.

 The women travel by cars or busses to Istanbul. The trips last about 36 hours.

The women travel by cars or busses to Istanbul. The trips last about 36 hours.

 Narine Atoyan, 41, rests during her work in the apartment where she lives and is employed in Istanbul.
 The apartments or houses where labor migrants usually work belong to families that are rich or well off, and who can afford to host and pay for housekeepers. This is the apartment where Narine works.
 Housekeepers often turn on TV while they are working and watch popular Turkish telenovelas.
 Gayane Petrosyan, 40, works in several households. She does not live in any of the houses, but travels to work and travels back to her small apartment in Kumkapi district each day.
 Sometimes Gayane has to travel up to two hours to reach an apartment she has to clean.
 Narine visits a market in Istanbul to try on a winter fur coat.
 Narine has a day off once a week. She visits and stays overnight at her friend Gayane’s small apartment in Kumkapi district.
 Gayane Petrosyan, 40, walks the dog of the family where she works as a housekeeper three days a week.
 Gayane sits in a company of friends in a restaurant in Kumkapi district, which is famous for its seafood.
 Kumkapi district in central Istanbul has been populated by Armenians for many years. It is also one of the poorest districts in the city.
 Gayane washes dishes at a house where she works as a housekeeper.
 One of the houses where Gayane works belongs to a popular Turkish singer.
 Gayane’s daughter Julietta gets married. Gayane says that one of the reasons she works in Istanbul is to be able to earn money and help her daughters collect their dowry, help them have a good future. (click image to view vertical)
 Gayane poses for a portrait in a house where she works in Istanbul. (click image to view vertical)
 Gayane’s daughter Anna joined her mother in Istanbul, to work in a clothing store. Gayane’s younger daughter Julietta is getting married in hometown Gyumri in Armenia, and Anna tries on a dress for the wedding party. Anna and Gayane will travel to Armenia for the wedding.
 Gayane’s daughter Anna wakes up early, leaves at 7:00 AM each morning for her job at a clothing store, and works until 7:00 PM.
 Over the years Gayane has been sending dowry items to her daughters, so that they have all necessary household needs taken care of when they get married.
 Gayane’s daughter Julietta talks to her mother on Skype from Gyumri, Armenia.
 Julietta gets married in Gyumri. Her mother and sister travel from Istanbul to Gyumri for the wedding.
 Julietta gets married in Gyumri. Her mother and sister travel from Istanbul to Gyumri for the wedding.
 The women travel by cars or busses to Istanbul. The trips last about 36 hours.

Narine Atoyan, 41, rests during her work in the apartment where she lives and is employed in Istanbul.

The apartments or houses where labor migrants usually work belong to families that are rich or well off, and who can afford to host and pay for housekeepers. This is the apartment where Narine works.

Housekeepers often turn on TV while they are working and watch popular Turkish telenovelas.

Gayane Petrosyan, 40, works in several households. She does not live in any of the houses, but travels to work and travels back to her small apartment in Kumkapi district each day.

Sometimes Gayane has to travel up to two hours to reach an apartment she has to clean.

Narine visits a market in Istanbul to try on a winter fur coat.

Narine has a day off once a week. She visits and stays overnight at her friend Gayane’s small apartment in Kumkapi district.

Gayane Petrosyan, 40, walks the dog of the family where she works as a housekeeper three days a week.

Gayane sits in a company of friends in a restaurant in Kumkapi district, which is famous for its seafood.

Kumkapi district in central Istanbul has been populated by Armenians for many years. It is also one of the poorest districts in the city.

Gayane washes dishes at a house where she works as a housekeeper.

One of the houses where Gayane works belongs to a popular Turkish singer.

Gayane’s daughter Julietta gets married. Gayane says that one of the reasons she works in Istanbul is to be able to earn money and help her daughters collect their dowry, help them have a good future. (click image to view vertical)

Gayane poses for a portrait in a house where she works in Istanbul. (click image to view vertical)

Gayane’s daughter Anna joined her mother in Istanbul, to work in a clothing store. Gayane’s younger daughter Julietta is getting married in hometown Gyumri in Armenia, and Anna tries on a dress for the wedding party. Anna and Gayane will travel to Armenia for the wedding.

Gayane’s daughter Anna wakes up early, leaves at 7:00 AM each morning for her job at a clothing store, and works until 7:00 PM.

Over the years Gayane has been sending dowry items to her daughters, so that they have all necessary household needs taken care of when they get married.

Gayane’s daughter Julietta talks to her mother on Skype from Gyumri, Armenia.

Julietta gets married in Gyumri. Her mother and sister travel from Istanbul to Gyumri for the wedding.

Julietta gets married in Gyumri. Her mother and sister travel from Istanbul to Gyumri for the wedding.

The women travel by cars or busses to Istanbul. The trips last about 36 hours.

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